Added: Lucien Woodward - Date: 29.03.2022 13:34 - Views: 19736 - Clicks: 9546
We call these racial groups for brevity, realizing that Latinx is sometimes considered an ethnicity rather than a race.
We examined racial differences separately for men and women and compared groups on attitudes and behaviors. For more details on our models, see the Technical Appendix at the end of this post. On some values and aspirations, racial groups seem remarkably alike. Racial groups also differ little in their ideas of the best age to do these things, with the average age seen as ideal for marriage between 25 and 28 for all groups and the average ideal age for having a first child between 27 and Also, racial groups have in common that, in each group, compared to women, men see a slightly higher age as appropriate for themselves to take on these roles.
Some attitudes show ificant differences by race. Focusing on racial differences, Whites and Blacks are similar in their response, and these two groups are most positive about sex without love, as the graph below shows.
Latinx students are more conservative. Asian students are the most conservative in their belief that sex requires love. Those who believe sex requires love presumably disapprove of casual sex but might think that sex among students in relationships is okay. A more conservative standard is disapproving of any sex before marriage, even in a serious relationship. The graph below shows that South Asians are the most conservative in believing that premarital sex is wrong, while Whites are the most liberal, with Latinx students very close to Whites. Unlike beliefs about whether love is necessary for sex, where Whites and Blacks were very close to each other, these beliefs about whether premarital sex is wrong show Black students to be substantially more conservative than Whites and Latinx students.
On the issue of premarital sex, Blacks are closer to the conservative views of Asians, who are the most conservative. Now we move to behavior, starting with the simplest measure—the percent of students who are still virgins. The group with the next highest rate is East Asians.
Next, we look at the of hookups since the start of college each group reported. We use the median the that the man or woman at the 50 th percentile had rather than the mean the average because the median is less influenced by the few students who reported extremely high s of hookups. Among men, Asians have the lowest of hookups, with a median of one hook up, Latinx men are next with a little above two, and Whites and Blacks are the highest with almost identical medians at approximately three hookups. Among women, we Black and East or South Asian women have hooked up little, Latinx women are in the middle, White women have hooked up the most.
Of course, knowing the rate at which students are hooking up does not tell us how much they have casual intercourse, because not all hookups involve intercourse. To get at whether students had had casual intercourse, the survey asked if they had ever had sex outside of an exclusive relationship. As the next graph shows, Asians are the least likely to have had sex outside an exclusive relationship.
Black, White, and Latinx students have had more casual intercourse, and within-sex, race differences are fairly small in these three groups. In every group other than East Asians, men are more likely to report sex outside a relationship than women. Another behavioral indicator is the of partners with whom one has ever had intercourse. In this analysis, virgins count as having zero partners, and we limited the count to the of partners of the other sex, ignoring any same-sex partners.
We examine medians rather than averages because there are some extreme outliers with many partners, which affect means more than medians. The graph below shows that among both women and men, Asians have had the least of partners. Among women, there is little difference between Whites, Blacks, and Latinas, all of whom have had between 1. Among men, however, Blacks have substantially more than other men, with a median slightly more than 4, compared to between 2 and 2.
We have shown that racial groups are virtually identical on whether and when they want to marry and have children. However, there are some group differences in attitudes about students having sex, and in their sexual behavior. Where we see differences, Asians, especially South Asians, appear the most conservative in attitudes and behavior, Latinx students are in the middle, and either Whites or Blacks are generally the most permissive, depending on the issue.
We speculate that the relatively conservative attitudes and less active sexual behavior of Asians result from the influence of their immigrant parents from Asia. See the technical appendix for more details on this. As for differences between Blacks and other racial groups, the patterns differ strongly by gender.
As many race and gender scholars have argued, an intersectional approach is often needed when the way race affects men and women is very different. Let us start with men. Black men have had more sexual partners than White or other men. What explains this? Prior research has shown that youth of any race who grow up in poverty or with less educated parents are more likely to have first intercourse earlier and Blacks are especially likely to grow up disadvantaged.
Consistent with this, past research on the age of sexual debut among US adolescentshas shown that Black youth have an earlier age at first intercourse than Whites, which is likely to lead to more sexual experience by the age of most of the college respondents. The survey question asks about of partners ever, not only during college, so having started during or before high school could lead to a higher lifetime.
To test how much of this is explained by Black men having had an earlier age at first intercourse, we re-estimated the regression analysis controlling for this factor and created adjusted medians asing the age at first intercourse for the sample as a whole to all races of men. The new adjusted median of partners is only. Thus, the White-Black differences among men may reflect less about different behavior at college and more about the early effects of disadvantage leading to early first sex.
However, if the explanation we offered for Black men were just about socioeconomic disadvantage, we would expect to find it applicable to Black women too. Instead, we found that Black women students are ificantly more likely to be virgins than White women, they have had about the same of intercourse partners as White women, and they have had substantially fewer hookups than either White women or Latinas.
Moreover, they are more likely to think premarital sex is wrong than any race-gender group other than South Asian women. Why are Black women more conservative than other racial groups on many indicators, while Black men are more liberal? We suggest two possible explanations.
A second possible explanation for the fact that Black women are more likely to be virgins and have fewer hookups is that Black women may be less sought after as partners than women of other races, a race-gender-specific bias in the erotic hierarchy. The OCSLS surveyed over 20, students from 21 four-year colleges and universities between and The colleges and universities where the survey was administered were both private and public.
A limitation of the OCSLS survey is that participants surveyed did not come from a probability sample. Thus, any non-representativeness of the sample is likely caused by the schools chosen and the kinds of students in the hosting courses, not who decided to participate within classes. Students in other groups, such as Native American, were not used because other groups were too small for reliable analyses. For the two questions above, response were; strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree.
We divided the responses into a more permissive group who disagreed or strongly disagreed and a more restrictive group who agreed or strongly agreed. Respondents who wanted to get married or have children gave an exact age for the two questions above. The s students gave for the two kinds of hookups above were added together to get their total of hookups. The graphs above show regression-adjusted averages, medians, or percents. In the case of predicted averages and percents, the regression was an OLS regression. Where the variable was a dichotomy, this OLS is a linear probability model.
In the case of medians, we used a conditional quantile regression. Separate regressions were done for men and women. Interestingly, racial group differences were very similar to those found in simple descriptive statistics on each group calculated with no regression adjustment.
In the post, we suggest that having immigrant parents from nations with somewhat more conservative sexual norms may explain the more conservative beliefs and behavior of South and East Asian students, and, to a lesser extent of Latinx students. Among whites, immigrant status has little effect on sexual attitudes or behavior, perhaps because white immigrants are mostly Canadians, Europeans, and Australians, and the sexual norms in these countries are not so different than those in the United States.
Since Whites are the most numerous in the sample, the effects of immigration status that are used in the regression adjustment in this post, which are for the sample as a whole, are dominated by the small effects for whites. Thus, the model does not adequately adjust for the effect of having immigrant parents on Asian and Latinx students, leaving open the possibility that this may be the explanation for their more conservative sexual behavior.
We then used the regression to predict of partners separately for Black and White men assuming they each had the sample-wide distribution on age at first intercourse. We also assumed they had the sample-wide mean on other variables, but that adjustment was already reflected in the graphs shown.
In the case of dichotomized variables, the means X are the percent in the category indicated by the variable name. All are at New York University. Also, it would be nice to see race-sex sample sizes, and I'm confused about the medians.
How are the medians non-integers? Students report 0, 1, 2, 3, The median should be a data value. Are you sure those aren't means? It is really interesting article to read, thanks for sharing these. I will take some thoughts from here for my expository essay, so thank you one more time.
I would be interested to know the races of the authors. The final sentence, bizarre conclusion to draw. It makes me question all of the theories - indeed just theory and not backed by evidence or stats. That invalidated your entire write up. The black community tends to be very religious, this was visible from your data, and should have been enough to explain this trend of being virgins or even having fewer hook ups.
But instead you resorted to a ridiculous conjecture. Lets explore how ridiculous your conjecture is. You talk about hook up culture and in the same vein claim that black women are less sought after partners, and thus are more likely to be virgins.
How does that even make sense to you. Surely people that are hooking up are less interested in the suitability of their partners for longterm relationships. It is all about sexual attraction and If you think white men are not sexually attracted to black women, you need to vist africa, there are litrally cities of mixed race people. The fact that black women are not having sex or are more conservative comes from religion, and societal pressure. Not some bogus claim that they are less sought after You will find that African countries tend to be even more conservative than tose in the west.
Smh Caucasian people. I know you are upset but it is statistically true that black women are the least sought after. Sorry but it sadly just is what it is.
Save my name,and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Contexts is a quarterly magazine that makes cutting-edge social research accessible to general readers. We're the public face of sociology. Contexts sociology for the public.
Home Departments Blog About Search. Sexuality and inequality research. Comments Adam Molnar November 14, Hugh Wall November 26, Leon Howells November 26, ProfessorH December 16, Ale Wallace March 9, Grace Ojo April 20, It's really interesting to see differences between cultures in this sphere. Please stop calling us Latinx. We find it really annoying and disrespectful. Thank you. BoomHowerHankHill July 14, In response to grace ojo- I know you are upset but it is statistically true that black women are the least sought after.
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