What are the short term effects of ghb

Added: Jassica Rayfield - Date: 13.01.2022 04:17 - Views: 36831 - Clicks: 743

In several countries, including the Netherlands, the use of GHB seems to be rising. GHB is regarded by recreational users as an innocent drug without any side effects. Recently, the of patients in treatment due to GHB addiction sharply increased. Other sedative drugs, like ketamine and alcohol have been shown to result in unintended neurotoxic harm at the level of memory and cognitive function.

As outlined in the present review, GHB and ketamine have a common mode of action, which suggests that GHB may also lead to similar neurotoxicity as ketamine. GHB overdosing, as well as binge drinking and high ketamine dosesinduce profound coma which is probably neurotoxic for the brain especially in the maturing brain of young adults. It is therefore advocated to investigate possible long-term neurotoxic effects in recreational GHB users e.

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Similar articles [Cognitive impairment due to intensive use and overdoses of gammahydroxybutyric acid GHB ]. Tijdschr Psychiatr. PMID: Review. Recent trends in the use of "club drugs": an Australian review. Degenhardt L, et al. Subst Use Misuse. Galldiks N, et al. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. Epub Dec 9.

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Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. Relative abuse liability of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, flunitrazepam, and ethanol in club drug users. Abanades S, et al.

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J Clin Psychopharmacol. See all similar articles. Cited by 10 articles Gamma-hydroxybutyrate abuse: pharmacology and poisoning and withdrawal management. Marinelli E, et al. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. Raposo Pereira F, et al. Eur Addict Res. Epub Apr Recreational use of GHB is associated with alterations of resting state functional connectivity of the central executive and default mode networks. Hum Brain Mapp. Epub Feb 5. Neuroimage Clin. Epub Sep Kamal RM, et al. CNS Drugs. See all "Cited by" articles. Publication types Research Support, Non-U.

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Gov't Actions. Review Actions. Animals Actions. Drug Overdose Actions.

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Humans Actions. Illicit Drugs Actions. Substances Anesthetics Actions. Anesthetics, Dissociative Actions. Central Nervous System Depressants Actions. Ethanol Actions. Glutamic Acid Actions. Ketamine Actions. Sodium Oxybate Actions. Succinate-Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Actions. Medical MedlinePlus Health Information. Full text links [x] Elsevier Science. Copy Download.

What are the short term effects of ghb

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Possible long-term effects of γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) due to neurotoxicity and overdose