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According to research presented at a March meeting at the Endocrine Society, white button mushrooms may slow down the progression of prostate cancer. Since the study authors had ly discovered in a phase one clinical trial that this food reduced levels of prostate-specific antigen PSA —a protein made by the cells in the prostate gland—in the blood among men with recurrent prostate cancer, they decided to take a deeper dive into this research, but this time, using mice.
Not only did white button mushroom extract suppress androgen receptor activity, but it also inhibited tumor growth within six days. It's not entirely surprising—after all, mushrooms are a low-calorie, low-sodium, and cholesterol-free nutrient-dense food. Mushrooms provide riboflavin and niacin, two key B vitamins typically found in animal sources, which make it an ideal choice for vegans and vegetarians. Plus, this popular meat substitute offers several important minerals such as copper which helps make red blood cellsselenium an antioxidantand potassium an electrolyte that aids in nerve and muscle function.
According to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Nutritioncooked shiitake mushrooms could bolster the immune system. Researchers from the University of Florida instructed volunteers 52 healthy adults between the ages 21 and 41 to eat a four-ounce serving of shiitake mushrooms each day for four weeks.
In order to not interfere with thethe participants were also asked to avoid tea, supplements, and probiotics, along with limiting their alcohol intake to 14 servings a week and their fruit and veggie intake to seven servings a day. Once the experiment concluded, blood tests indicated that the adults showed high levels of a type of T-cell and a reduction in inflammatory properties—two factors that contribute to a stronger immune system. Believe it or not, this promising health benefit actually begins in the gastrointestinal tract.
In an animal study conducted by scientists at Penn Statetwo groups of mice one with gut microbiota, the other without these microorganisms were fed a daily dose of white button mushrooms. The rodents with the microbiota who consumed the edible fungus increased their amount of Prevotella, a "friendly" gut bacteria, which in turn produced more short-chain fatty acids that have been shown to alter the expression of genes involved in managing glucose sugar production in the liver.
Whenever you find a food that could potentially help balance blood sugar levels, it's exciting! Doing crossword puzzles may not be the only way to keep your memory and decision-making skills intact. Researchers from the National University of Singapore analyzed the medical records of more than senior citizens over a six-year period. In order to evaluate cognitive health and offer a dementia rating, nurses conducted extensive interviews and tests to assess the patients' dietary habits, psychological factors, walking speed, depressionanxietyand cognition.
Their findings, which were published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Diseasestated that adults who ate two servings of mushrooms each week slashed their risk of mild cognitive impairment in half! Interestingly enough, the seniors consumed six types of mushrooms—dried, canned, golden, oyster, shiitake, white button mushrooms—and the authors theorize that these brain benefits would apply to other varieties, as well.
Are mushrooms the Fountain of Youth?
Researchers from Penn State studied the compounds in mushrooms and discovered that mushrooms are abundant in ergothioneine and glutathione. And this is because antioxidants play a role in protecting the body from cellular damage associated with numerous age-related chronic conditions, such as Alzheimer's diseasecardiovascular disease, and cancer.
While the antioxidant content differed among the 13 types of mushrooms tested porcini took the top spotthe mushrooms that landed further down on the list like white button still provided a large amount of these oxidative-stress-fighting compounds. Even better: Cooking the mushrooms did not affect their antioxidant properties. Mushrooms may have the ability to manage complications during pregnancy. Scientists from Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom conducted an animal study where they treated rats suffering from preeclampsia a serious, and possibly fatal, blood pressure condition that occurs typically after 20 weeks of pregnancy with the antioxidant ergothioneine—where large amounts are found naturally in mushrooms.
As a result, the rats experienced a decrease in blood pressurealong with a reduction in harmful substances released in the placentaaccording to the research published in the journal Hypertension. The authors are hoping to develop a preeclampsia medication made from this anti-inflammatory compound. Now, be sure to check out How to Store Mushrooms. This highly versatile food adds more than just texture and flavor to your dishes.
By Amy Capetta. Amy Capetta has been writing articles on healthy living for more than two decades. Read This Next. More in Healthy Eating.Side effects of eating mushrooms
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