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On April 1, the U. Census Bureau reported that the island's total population increased On July 4, President Harry S. Truman ed what is known as Public Actwhich allowed Puerto Ricans to draft their own constitution establishing the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
The U. Congress had conferred commonwealth status on Puerto Rico and upgraded Puerto Rico's political status from protectorate to commonwealth. On October, Nationalists attempt to assassinate the governor. Guards resisted the attack, killing four of the five Nationalists.
Gregorio Hernandez was badly wounded. Truman at Blair House in Washington in hopes of bringing their country closer to independence. One of the assailants and one White House policeman died.
On July 4, the Law is passed, giving Puerto Rico the right to establish a government with proper constitution. On March 3, the flag of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is officially adopted - based on a flag deed by a group of patriots in the year As a United States commonwealth, it is still treated by Congress as one of the last remaining colonies in the world. House of Representatives, wounding five Congressmen.
They are sentenced to 50 years imprisonment. William J. Dorvillier obtained the prize for his editorials on clerical interference in the gubernatorial election in Puerto Rico. On July 23, first plebiscite on the political status of Puerto Rico is held. Voters overwhelmingly affirm continuation of Commonwealth status.
On November 5, Luis A. Formal research efforts to save the endangered Puerto Rican parrot began in the Forest with collaboration of U. On September 12, the shopping mall Plaza Las Americas is inaugurated. It is the largest shopping center in Puerto Rico, the largest in Latin America and the 13th largest in the US with 2, square feetm2. The project is inaugurated with a total of 79 establishments, a twin cinema and parking for 4, vehicles. The resident commissioner gains the right to vote in committee via an amendment to the Legislative Reorganization Act of On December 31, Roberto Clemente a baseball player with the Pittsburgh Pirates, who is declared the league's Most Valuable Player, died at age 38 in a plane accident.
On January 24, a bomb set off in historical Fraunces Tavern, New York City, killed four and injured more than 50 persons.
This new code allowed American companies to make profit in the island without paying taxes. Banks on the island experienced an unprecedented growth. AboutPuerto Ricans were directly dependent on employment generated by Section companies. After numerous investigations and amendments to that statute, the coat of arms final version is approved and ed into law.
On March 22, Karl Wallenda died while crossing a wire between two hotels in San Juan, he is knocked off balance by a gust of wind and fell to his death ten stories below. On July 25, the Cerro Maravilla incident took place. Police officers were responsible for the death in execution manner of two pro-independence men.
House of Representatives back in On October, Ponce suffered a great tragedy, when at least people lost their lives to an avalanche in an area known as Mameyes. On September 18, Hurricane Hugo strikes the island as it cuts a path of destruction across the Caribbean. In an island wide vote, Puerto Ricans reject an amendment that would have "reviewed" their commonwealth status. The act established reorganization plans for the following sectors: Security, Correctional procedures, Natural resources, Agricultural activities, Industrial activities, Human resources, Public finance and Family and community services.
The government began an experimental project to provide basic health care services to the poor. The plan, known as "La Tarjeta de Salud". In the ReferendumCommonwealth status is reaffirmed by voters. Postal Service issued an stamp to commemorate the th anniversary of Columbus's landing on Puerto Rico. On August 20, the U. Congress repealed Section of the U. Internal Revenue Code, with a clause that retains its benefit for ten years of existing corporations.
Section 30A is created to substitute Section It essentially retains the wage credit component of Section On July 25, the U. In,Juan Mari Bras renounced his U. Puerto Rican citizenship exists only as an equivalent to residency: Puerto Rican citizens are those US citizens who reside in Puerto Rico. Juan Mari Bras the world's only Puerto Rican citizen. On September 9, Hurricane Hortense strikes the island, killing five people and knocking out electricity to 85 percent of the island.
Congress introduced Project Youngto provide a process leading to full self-government for Puerto Rico. Don Young, H. On September 21, Hurricane George with mph winds strikes the island, killing seven people and leaving more than 24, in shelters.
Virtually the entire island was left without electricity Virgin Islands disaster areas, authorizing immediate release of federal recovery aid. On September 29, in a show of commitment to help the victims of hurricane Georges, U. On December 13, In a non-binding referendum, which offered Puerto Rican voters will have five choices, which included: 1 remaining a U. The option 5 "none of the above" obtained the majority of votes. Option Votes Percent 1 0. On April 19, two US Marine jets in training dropped bombs over the island of Vieques and missed their targets.
David Sanes Rodriguez, a civilian was killed and 4 people were injured. Days after, protesters began occupying the US Navy range at Vieques. On November 7, Sila M. Party Votes Percent Sila M. Calderon PPD Pesquera PNP Presient Clinton issues E. On June 14, President George W. Cleanup is estimated to cost hundreds of millions and take decades. Bombing practice is set to stop by May, On June 6, the Tren Urbano urban train was inaugurated.
The Tren Urbano is a The financial crisis left only essential services such as police and hospitals in operation. The shut down lasted for two weeks from May 1 through May 14leaving nearlypublic employees without pay and closing more than 1, public schools.
The major cause of the crisis lies on the inability of the legislature and the governor to agree on a spending plan since On November 15, the Act No. The sales tax will be divided up as follows: 5. On January 23, Americans are required to carry passports when traveling to Mexico, Bermuda, and most of the Caribbean islands. Because Puerto Rico is a U. On May 5, Concerns are raised that the newly implemented Sales and Use Tax and the reduction in budgeted expenditures will not be enough to reduce the Puerto Rico Government's fiscal deficit for the year.
On October 12, communities and activists protest the apparent mass killing of pet animals by a government contractor by throwing them of a 50 ft high bridge in Barceloneta. On January 5, over cockfights in Puerto Rico are canceled due to the prohibition of various birds from the Dominican Republic, after discovery of various animals with the avian flu.
The loss from such canceled activities is estimated in the millions.Puerto rico en los anos 40
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Colonialismo, economía y migración: el caso de Puerto Rico