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It is chemically similar to both stimulants and hallucinogens, producing feelings of increased energy, pleasure, emotional warmth, and distorted sensory and time perception. MDMA was initially popular in the nightclub scene and at all-night dance parties "raves"but the drug now affects a broader range of people who more commonly call the drug Ecstasy or Molly. People who use MDMA usually take it as a capsule or tablet, though some swallow it in liquid form or snort the powder. The popular nickname Molly slang for "molecular" often refers to the supposedly "pure" crystalline powder form of MDMA, usually sold in capsules.
However, people who purchase powder or capsules sold as Molly often actually get other drugs such as synthetic cathinones "bath salts" instead see " Added Risk of MDMA ". MDMA's effects last about 3 to 6 hours, although many users take a second dose as the effects of the first dose begin to fade. Over the course of the week following moderate use of the drug, a person may experience:. It's possible that some of these effects may be due to the combined use of MDMA with other drugs, especially marijuana.
This can lead to a spike in body temperature that can occasionally result in liver, kidney, or heart failure or even death. about drug use and hepatitis. Much of the Molly seized by the police contains additives such as cocaine, ketamine, methamphetamine, over-the-counter cough medicine, or synthetic cathinones "bath salts". These substances may be extremely dangerous if the person does not know what he or she is taking.
They may also be dangerous when combined with MDMA. People who purposely or unknowingly combine such a mixture with other substances, such as marijuana and alcohol, may be putting themselves at even higher risk for harmful health effects. Research vary on whether MDMA is addictive. MDMA was first used in the s as an aid in psychotherapy mental disorder treatment using "talk therapy".
The drug did not have the support of clinical trials studies using humans or approval from the U. InThe U. However, some researchers remain interested in its value in psychotherapy when given to patients under carefully controlled conditions. MDMA is currently in clinical trials as a possible treatment aid for post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD ; for anxiety in terminally ill patients; and for social anxiety in autistic adults. There are no specific medical treatments for MDMA addiction.
Some people seeking treatment for MDMA addiction have found behavioral therapy to be helpful. Scientists need more research to determine how effective this treatment option is for addiction to MDMA. This publication is available for your use and may be reproduced in its entirety without permission from NIDA.
Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Drug Topics.
More Drug Topics. About NIDA. What is MDMA? Points to Remember 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine MDMA is a synthetic drug that alters mood and perception. It is chemically similar to stimulants and hallucinogens. People who use MDMA typically take it as a capsule or tablet. Many people take it in combination with other drugs. MDMA acts by increasing the activity of three brain chemicals: dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin.
Effects include increased energy, distorted perception, involuntary teeth clenching, dangerously high body temperature, and depression. Some people report s of addiction.
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