Average price of cocain

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Crack cocaine is the drug most often associated with violent crime throughout the state. Mexican DTOs are the primary transporters of powdered cocaine into the state of Illinois. These DTOs transport large shipments of powdered cocaine from the Southwest Border intermixed with legitimate goods in tractor-trailers. Mexican criminal groups are the primary wholesale distributors of powdered cocaine. African-American and Hispanic street gangs control the street-level distribution of crack cocaine throughout Illinois. Crack cocaine abuse is the most serious drug problem in Illinois, particularly in Chicago and other urban areas.

InCook County alone was estimated to have more thanhardcore cocaine abusers. Law enforcement authorities report that crack cocaine is the principal drug of abuse in northern Illinois and in urban areas such as Springfield, Peoria, and Champaign in the central part of the state. The percentage of eighth- to twelfth-grade students in Illinois using powdered or crack cocaine in the past year increased between andthen decreased slightly in More than 5 percent of high school seniors in Illinois used cocaine in the past year.

To Top To Contents. DAWN ED mentions and other health care measurements also support the contention that cocaine abuse is a ificant problem in Illinois. According to DAWN statistics, Chicago experienced a steady growth in the of cocaine-related ED mentions over the past decade, more than doubling between and Cocaine was mentioned in nearly half of all drug-related ED mentions in Chicago, compared to 30 percent nationwide.

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In addition, 57 percent of infants born in Illinois with a positive toxicity for controlled substances tested positive for cocaine in The long-term cost to society is much higher and includes providing child protective services, child welfare services, police services, out-of-home care, medical expenses, and special education. Deaths attributed to cocaine abuse also bear out the magnitude of the problem. Over 58 percent of the drug-related deaths in Chicago during most recent data available were cocaine-related, a 20 percent increase over s.

Chart 2. Increased drug arrests are another measure of the enormity of the cocaine problem in Illinois. Arrests under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, most of which were for cocaine offenses, increased by more than percent from to The total amount of cocaine seized by law enforcement in the Chicago area increased 68 percent from to Low prices and high purity levels also suggest that there is an abundant supply of cocaine throughout the state.

Cocaine prices declined slightly in Chicago in while purity remained stable at 60 to 70 percent over the past decade in Chicago and statewide. See Table 3 for current prices in Chicago. Table 3. Cocaine Prices, Chicago, Most federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies in Illinois cite the violent crime associated with gang-related drug trafficking as the most serious criminal threat to the state.

Crack is the drug of choice in lower income and high crime areas, such as public housing projects, and is becoming more popular in suburban and rural areas of the state. Property and violent crime rates are fueled by the nearly one-third of the estimatedcrack users in the Chicago area who are daily users and often commit crimes to support their habit. In a survey of cocaine and heroin users in six major cities, Chicago drug users had the highest rate of participation 24 percent in illegal activities to provide income for their drug purchases.

A cocaine addict suspected of nearly 30 armed robberies on Chicago's Northwest Side was arrested on July 23, Gang migration from Chicago to other Illinois cities and to suburban and rural areas has increased the availability of crack and associated violent criminal activity in these areas. Violence associated with gang-controlled crack sales is the primary threat in northern Illinois.

According to the Chicago HIDTA, the Cook County Sheriff's Office estimated that percent of all property crime is drug-related, while approximately 50 percent of all violent crime is drug-related. Gangs move to other cities to avoid law enforcement pressure in their home areas and to take advantage of the higher profits that drug sales generate outside Chicago.

The Chicago-based Gangster Disciples taxed the local drug dealing gang members, a situation that resulted in frequent armed confrontations. In a show of force, the Chicago faction once brought more than two dozen Gangster Disciples members to Springfield in the back of a rental truck.

Between October and Junenearly 25 members of the Gangster Disciples were arrested in Springfield through Operation JAGUAR, a local multiagency crackdown on gangs and gang-related drug activity, breaking up the drug operation. Gang migration to other cities within the state and region often follows this same pattern, inevitably bringing violence with it.

Cities like Decatur, Peoria, and East St. Louis have experienced similar "turf wars" between local gangs and those relocated from Chicago or St. There has been a decrease in gang violence related to drug distribution in the Chicago area.

Gang activity in some parts of Chicago has shifted emphasis from protecting the gang and its turf to operating criminal enterprises. Rival gangs are putting aside long-held hostilities for economic benefit and have been observed dealing drugs on the same corner without incident. Inthe Gangster Disciples established an alliance with the Vice Lords to distribute drugs in the Chicago area.

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Members of both gangs now travel freely between their territories without fear of retaliation. Established turfs that existed for years are gone. Profits from drug sales overshadow gang affiliations. Rival gang members keep the peace as long as each gang is making money, believing that big money is more important than gang banging. However, gang violence, including drive-by shootings, remains high in areas outside of Chicago.

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Gang Increase Concerns Police. An influx of Gangster Disciples from Chicago, not seen since the mids, has law enforcement officials in Bloomington and Normal, Illinois, concerned about an escalation of street violence. According to a spokesman for the Bloomington Police Department, "Basically we have a large gang presence here for the purpose of trafficking crack cocaine. The reason for the gang increase is twofold. Gangs from large urban areas move into new drug markets to take advantage of higher prices, and the Chicago Police Department and other suburban law enforcement agencies have increased their efforts against gangs causing them to seek out new areas of operation.

These two factors have led to an increase in gang presence and subsequent violent crime in cities like Bloomington and Normal. Bloomington Pantagraph2 July To Top To Contents Production Sentences resulting from federal convictions are lengthier for possessing crack than powdered cocaine, so retail distributors produce crack in the areas where it is to be distributed. Crack is usually produced at stash houses and gang members' homes. The conversion process involves adding baking soda and water to powdered cocaine and then heating the mixture, converting the powder into crack, a crystal-like substance.

African-American and Hispanic street gangs convert powdered cocaine into crack. Chicago is a distribution center for both powdered and crack cocaine destined for areas throughout Illinois and elsewhere in the Great Lakes Region and the Midwest. Most jurisdictions throughout the region report that cocaine is transported into their areas from Chicago. These Colombian DTOs often provide the Mexican groups with portions of the bulk cocaine shipments as payment for transportation and distribution services. Once the cocaine is in the United States it is further distributed to Colombian or Mexican criminal groups in the United States.

These Mexican brokers usually transport bulk cocaine by tractor-trailer from the Southwest Border to the Chicago area, concealing the cocaine in shipments of legitimate goods. Cocaine shipments are typically made in ton quantities and delivered to warehouses in the Chicago area or to farms outside Chicago. The cocaine is broken down into smaller shipments that are stashed in rented houses in the cities and suburbs. The brokers frequently communicate with the leaders of the DTOs and often travel to Chicago to oversee delivery of a shipment.

The individuals entrusted to transport the cocaine are usually known to the drug traffickers in Mexico or Colombia, and the money from the transaction in Chicago is returned to Mexico either by the broker or by a deated courier. Compartmentalizing the operation lessens the chance of any one individual having extensive knowledge of the operation.

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The major north-south highways, Interstates 55 and 57, are the primary routes for cocaine shipments from the Southwest Border area into Chicago. Interstate 80 is the primary east-west route along with east-west state highways that are used as supply routes to other areas of the state and region. Large concealed shipments of cocaine are also transported into the Chicago area by overland carriers such as commercial buses, private vehicles, and railcars. Most of these shipments can be traced back to Mexican traffickers in south Texas. With the advent of the North American Free Trade Agreement and the increase in rail traffic associated with it, most railcars entering the United States are not inspected.

The cocaine was discovered in a compartment in the wall of the sleeper compartment of a Freightliner tractor. On April 5,the Nebraska State Police seized approximately 82 kilograms of cocaine from a couple traveling eastbound on I in Hall County.

The driver and passenger, both residents of Tucson, Arizona, were en route to Chicago, Illinois, from Tucson in a rented Ford van bearing Nevada plates.

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After a drug-detection canine alert, a consensual search of the vehicle led to the discovery of the cocaine inside the seats and quarter panels. Although most cocaine in Chicago is shipped by land, some cocaine is shipped by commercial air carrier.

Several recent USCS seizures from air passengers and cargo in Miami revealed that some of that cocaine was destined for Chicago. The year-old male had concealed two packages of cocaine around his abdomen. The cocaine was hidden around the edges of a tabletop. Chicago is a distribution center for cocaine destined for areas throughout Illinois and elsewhere in the Great Lakes Region and the Midwest.

Most jurisdictions throughout the region report that cocaine shipped into their areas transits through Chicago. The primary means used to transport cocaine throughout the region are private and rental vehicles on the interstate and state highway systems. Mexican DTOs transport powdered cocaine into the Chicago area from the Southwest Border and transfer the cocaine to Mexican and Colombian criminal groups, the largest wholesale distributors of cocaine in Illinois.

Associates of the organization formerly controlled by Amado Carrillo-Fuentes, the Miguel Caro-Quintero organization, and others operating along the Southwest Border are the primary suppliers; Chicago-based Mexican criminal groups are the wholesalers of cocaine in Illinois. The working relationship between midlevel wholesale suppliers and street gangs is growing more sophisticated as illicit drug supplies increase.

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Herrera Drug Trafficking Organization. It has been operating since the mids as a heroin distribution organization; since the s, it has trafficked in cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine. Chicago is the primary destination for drugs trafficked by the Herrera organization. Law enforcement authorities estimate that the Herrera organization still has at least 12 cells operating in the Chicago area.

According to DEA, heroin seizures in Durango, Mexico, in reveal that the Herrera organization is still involved in heroin trafficking. Typical Drug Movement in the Chicago Area. A Mexican national flies into the Chicago area with family and rents a modest house in a quiet working-class neighborhood in the city or the suburbs.

The family normally leaves and does not return. Over the next several months, a small group of criminals from Mexico arrives at the house. Those in the house receive distribution instructions--for example, how much of the drug to distribute, which drug to put in what vehicle, and when and where to park the vehicle.

Certain aspects of the operation are handled remotely from safe locations in Mexico. Sales negotiated in Mexico often are conducted in shopping center parking lots in the Chicago area; price, quantity, and destination are determined in Mexico. The drugs are delivered to wholesalers, mostly Mexican, often a step or two removed from the street gangs involved in retail sales. Operations are fast, flexible, and highly compartmentalized.

The criminal group returns to Mexico or moves on to a new location. Similar groups are set up at other locations to accomplish the same operations or to handle the proceeds. Most of the proceeds are packaged and shipped back to Mexico the same way in which the drugs are shipped. To Top To Contents Retail Law enforcement agencies across the state report that gangs dominate the retail drug trade.

Gangs survive financially through the distribution and sale of drugs. African-American and Hispanic street gangs control the street-level distribution of crack, their main source of income. There are as many as gangs with approximatelymembers located in the greater Chicago area. The five largest street gangs for 84 percent of gang membership. Chicago Police Department Gang Investigations.

Public housing projects and gang-controlled communities on the South and West Sides of the city are the main locations for retail sales of crack by gang members. According to a National Institute of Justice survey of crack users, retail crack purchases in Chicago typically take place outdoors Crack sales on the South and West Sides of Chicago take place in a vast open-air drug market dominated by African-American street gangs such as the Gangster Disciples and the Vice Lords. These gangs are highly structured and control all aspects of the drug market.

Average price of cocain

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